Sumamed table. 250 mg. 6 tablets
Sumamed table. 250 mg. 6 tablets
What Sumamed capsules?
Antibacterials for systemic use.
Antimicrobial activity of n Action
Azithromycin is an antibiotic first azaliden, a new class of macrolides.
Azithromycin has a broad spectrum of activity and is active against most strains of the following microorganisms:
Gram - positive bacteria: Streptococcus pneumonie, S. pyogenes, S. agalactiae, S. viridans, Streptococcus group C, F and G and Staphylococcus aureus;
Gram - negative bacteria: Haemophilus influenzae, H. parainfluenzae, H. ducreyi, Moraxella catarrhalis, Bordetella pertussis, B. parapertussis, Legionella pneumophilia, Brucella melitensis, Helicobacter pylori, Campylobacter jejuni, Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Gardnerella vaginalis;
Anaerobic bacteria: Bacteroides bivius, Clostridium perfringens, and Peptostreptococcus species and Peptococcus;
Other organisms: Chlamydia trachomatis, C. pneumoniae, Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Ureaplasma urealytium, Treponema pallidum and Borellia burgdorferi.
Azithromycin is well absorbed after oral administration and rapidly passes from the serum into the tissues. It is widely distributed throughout the body and achieves high and sustained tissue concentrations. Azithromycin concentrates in phagocytes that migrate into the infected and thus increases the distribution of the drug in the infected tissues. Its half-life is prolonged, and the release of tissue is slow. The main route of elimination is through the bile, urinary excretion is low.
The pharmacokinetics of azithromycin provide short and simple dosing regimen, once daily for 3 days.
What used Sumamed capsules?
Sumamed capsules are used to treat infections caused by susceptible organisms:
infections of the upper respiratory tract bacterial pharyngitis / tonsillitis, sinusitis and otitis media;
infections of the lower respiratory tract bacterial bronchitis, acute ekzatserbatsyaya of chronic bronchitis, interstitial and alveolar pneumonia;
infections of skin and soft tissue infections: erythema chronicum migrans (I Lyme disease), erysipelas, impetigo and secondary pyoderma;
sexually transmitted diseases, uncomplicated urethritis / cervicitis;
gastric and duodenal infection caused by Helicobacter pylori.
In what cases should not take Sumamed capsules?
Sumamed capsules should not be used in case of hypersensitivity to macrolide antibiotics.
Special precautions for use
The pharmacokinetics of azithromycin provide short and simple dosing regimen. Not requiring an extended application of Sumamed ® capsules in the above indication than recommended on the label.
What other drugs affect the action of Sumamed capsules or are affected by it?
Antiapidnite drugs alter the rate of absorption of azithromycin. It is recommended that an interval of at least 2 hours after administration of azithromycin and antacid.
In patients receiving ergot alkaloids, ergotism may be increased with concomitant administration of some macrolide antibiotics, but no evidence of interactions between azithromycin and ergot derivatives. It is known that macrolide antibiotics interact with digoxin piklosporin, astemizole, triazolam, midazolam. Although no evidence of interaction between azithromycin and these drugs, it is recommended that concomitant use should be under strict monitoring.
Co-administration of your medication and warfarin, or oral anticoagulants may experience increased bleeding tendency.
Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including those obtained without prescription.
Should be exercised when administering Sumamed ® capsules in patients with impaired hepatic function.
What should I keep in mind during pregnancy and lactation?
Reproduction studies in animals have not shown adverse effects on the fetus. Because animal studies are not always predictive of human response, Sumamed ® capsules should be used during pregnancy and lactation only if strictly necessary.
Dosage, method and duration of administration
In what quantity and how often you should take Sumamed capsules?
Sumamed capsules should be taken once a day at least one hour before or two hours after meals.
Upper and lower respiratory tract and skin and soft tissue (with the exception of erythema migrans): 500 mg (two 250 mg capsules as a single dose) for 3 days.
For all erythema migrans dosage is 3 g: 1 g (four capsules of 250 mg) once the first day, followed by 500 mg (two capsules of 250 mg) from the second to the fifth day as single daily doses.
STDs: 1 g (four capsules of 250 mg) once, only once.
Gastric and duodenal infection caused by Helicobacter pylori: 1 g as a single daily intake (four capsules of 250 mg) for 3 days in combination with amoxicillin 1 g twice daily for 7 days and omeprazole 20 mg twice daily for 7 days.
No changes in dose for the elderly.
Overdose and other errors in use
What should you do if you take more than Sumamed ® capsules?
There are no data on overdose with Sumamed ® capsules. Overdose with macrolide antibiotic may occur hearing loss, severe nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. In case you need to induce vomiting and immediately seek medical attention.
What should you do if you forget to take Sumamed capsules?
The missed dose should be taken as soon as possible, and the next - at intervals of 24 hours.
Do not take a double dose of medicine to make up the missed reception!
Sumamed ® capsules rarely causes transient and mild side effects. Can occur (nausea, diarrhea, stomach pain, vomiting, and flatulence), and rash. You can Reversible elevations of liver enzymes. For a change, they return to normal two or three weeks after cessation of treatment.
Possible hypersensitivity reactions such as rash, urticaria or photosensitivity.
In rare cases, serious allergic (rarely fatal) reactions. Some of them are as a result of recurrence of symptoms, leading to an extension of the period of observation and treatment.
Very rarely, reversible effects on the central nervous system, such as fatigue, headache, dizziness, smell and taste disturbance, tingling, nervousness and insomnia. Sometimes you can be pain in the joints.
Rarely reported irregular heartbeat (palpitations and arrhythmias including ventricular tachycardia).
In case there are any side effects, even those not listed in this leaflet, please ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Special precautions for storage
Do not store above 25 ° C!
Keep out of reach of children should only be used on prescription!
Qualitative and quantitative composition
1 capsule contains 250 mg azithromycin dihydrate.
Microcrystalline cellulose, sodium lauryl sulfate, magnesium stearate.
Capsule: gelatin, titanium dioxide (E 171), indigo carmine (E 132).
Pharmaceutical form and quantity in one package
Pack of 6 capsules of 250 mg azithromycin.