GLYUKOTROL 30tabl. 10 mg
GLYUKOTROL 30tabl. 10 mg
GLYUKOTROL WHAT IS AND WHAT IT IS USED
Glyukotrol belongs to the group of sulfonylurea drugs. Used for the oral treatment of second type of diabetes. It is also used to reduce blood sugar levels in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus, also called diabetes of adulthood or diabetes type II. Always apply with a diet low in carbohydrates and fat.
The effect of any such drug (sulphonylurea), including Glyukotrol may decrease in many patients over time. This phenomenon is known as secondary refractoriness in contrast to primary refractoriness in which the product had no effect at the first intake.
BEFORE YOU TAKE GLYUKOTROL
Do not take GLYUKOTROL
if you are allergic (hypersensitive) to glipizide or any of the other ingredients
if you have the first type (insulin-dependent) diabetes;
acetone and if you have sugar in your urine (this may mean that you have ketoacidosis);
if you have diseased kidneys or liver;
if you have narrowing of the digestive system;
If you suffer from chronic diarrhea;
if you are under stress, have a fever, have undergone trauma, major surgery you are going or have recently suffered a serious illness or infection in these cases, control may be lost;
if you are pregnant or trying to get pregnant;
if you are breastfeeding;
If you are under 16 or over 65 years;
If you eat irregularly, drink alcohol;
if you are taking insulin or other medicines for diabetes (sulfonylureas or biguanides).
if you have a deficiency of the enzyme glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
Taking other medicines
Drugs that interact with GLYUKOTROL XL:
Miconazole, fluconazole, voriconazole (used to treat fungal infections);
Inflammatory drugs (used to treat sore muscles and joints), particularly phenylbutazone;
Salicylates such as aspirin (used for pain relief);
Beta-blockers (used to treat high blood pressure and certain heart diseases);
Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors such as captopril and enalapril (used to treat high blood pressure);
H2-receptor antagonists (used to treat ulcers), eg. cimetidine.
Phenothiazines (used to treat some mental disorders) such as chlorpromazine;
Progestogens and oral contraceptives medicines;
Sympathomimetic agents such as reducing swelling of nasal mucosa;
Bronchodilators, eg. salbutamol, ritodrine and terbutaline (used to treat asthma);
Diuretics, calcium channel blockers, thyroid hormones, nicotinic acid, isoniazid.
Please tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken any other medicines, including medicines obtained without a prescription.
Taking Glyukotrol with food and drink
Alcoholic beverages (wine, beer, juice concentrates) may impair the control of diabetes.
Pregnancy and lactation
Ask your doctor or pharmacist before taking any medicine.
Driving and operating machinery
All patients with diabetes who drive should especially be careful not to fall into a relapse. (See section "Undesirable effects"). In case you are affected, do not drive or operate machinery.
HOW TO TAKE GLYUKOTROL
The tablets should be swallowed whole with plenty of water. They should not be chewed, divided or crushed. It is especially important to take your medicine as directed by your doctor. Do not take more tablets than recommended by your doctor. The following recommended doses are only general guidelines.
The usual starting dose is one tablet of 5mg. taken with breakfast.
If your doctor determines that you need a higher dose, it will tell you how to gradually zoom - usually done with a 5mg. an interval of several days.
The maximum recommended dose is 20 mg.
Combination use: When you add other hypoglycaemic drugs to GLYUKOTROL XL for combination therapy use of the new drug should be initiated at the lowest recommended dose and patients should be observed closely for hypoglycemia.
When adding Glyukotrol to other hypoglycemic agents, administration of Glyukotrol should begin with 5 mg. Titration should be based on clinical judgment.
Treatment should not be stopped or the dose is changed without instructions from your physician. Discontinuation of the drug may lead to worsening of diabetes.
Do not worry if you see something in your stool that looks like a tablet. Your medicine is contained in a special coating that slowly releases it and allows gradual entry into the body. Then the empty shell is eliminated from the body.
During treatment, it is necessary to periodically track your blood sugar levels. If you have any doubts or questions, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Always Glyukotrol exactly as your doctor tells you. If you're not sure, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
If you take more than the dose
If you accidentally swallow more tablets than your doctor prescribes, you should seek immediate medical attention. Symptoms such as fainting, confusion, sweating or shaking can be caused by low blood sugar. You can eat or drink something sweet. Upon collapse or unconsciousness should immediately call an ambulance.
If you forget to take a tablet
If you forget to take a dose, take it at the next meal.
If you have any further questions on the use of this product, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
POSSIBLE SIDE EFFECTS
Like all medicines, GlyukotrolL can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
During your medicine can watch any of the following side effects:
Common side effects (affecting less than 1 in 10 but more than 1 in 100 people): hypoglycemia, abdominal pain, diarrhea, stomach pain, nausea
Uncommon side effects (affecting less than 1 in 100 but more than 1 in 1,000 people): blurred vision, vomiting, jaundice, acute side effects during concomitant use with alcohol (vomiting, palpitations, headache, flushing, hot flushes); dizziness, drowsiness, tremor, eczema, erythema
Very rare (affects less than 1 in 10,000): reduced number of white blood cells, anemia, reduced numbers of all blood cell count, low platelet count, hepatic porphyria, cutaneous porifiriya later, reduced level of sodium in the blood, abnormal vision, decreased vision, double vision, visual impairment, visual impairment, constipation, malaise, impaired liver function, hepatitis, hypersensitivity reactions, mild to moderate increases in liver enzymes, headache, confusion, allergic skin reactions, rash, hypersensitivity reactions to light, itching, hives
If any of the side effects gets serious, or you notice other effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
HOW TO STORE GLYUKOTROL
Keep out of reach of children.
Do not store above 30 º C. Store in a dry place.
Medicines should not be disposed of via wastewater or household waste. Ask your pharmacist how to dispose of medicines no longer required. These measures will help to protect the environment.
The active substance is glipizide
The other ingredients are: polyethylene oxide, hydroxypropyl methylcellulose, iron oxide, magnesium stearate, sodium chloride, cellulose acetate and polyethylene glycol. Both tablets contain white colorant (E171).